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Experimenting with Distributed Cognition Using Wikity

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Choral Documentation [...]

> While there are certainly plenty of unique scenarios that require a nuanced answer, in many more cases we have communities that are striving to learn more about common topics and asking similar questions. As a result various Knowledge Base Silos have arisen to meet that need. We have http://docs.reclaimhosting.com/, Emory has http://docs.emorydomains.org/, OU has ht...

 

Rewarding Creativity [...]

Using extrinsic rewards to motivate creative tasks is generally actively detrimental. >Incentives will have a detrimental effect on performance when two conditions are met: first, when a task is interesting enough for subjects that the offer of incentives is a superfluous source of motivation; second, when the solution to the task is open-ended enough that the step...

 

Extrinsic Rewards and Costly Sharing [...]

Extrinsic motivation is subject to the overjustification effect. People who receive a reward for good behavior often come to believe that they exhibited the behavior for the reward, rather than due to internal motivation. This understanding in turn undermines intrinsic motivations. This study examines the overjustification effect in the realm of prosocial sharing, and...

 

Fairness [...]

> To assume that fairness always requires that people should get what they "earn'' —that the law of the marketplace is the same thing as justice —is a very dubious proposition indeed. What's more, as Morton Deutsch warns, ''the danger of conceiving of personal relations in terms appropriate to marketplace exchanges is that it hastens the depersonalization of perso...

 

Economies of Distraction [...]

  >What caught my attention with respect to our conversation here was the conclusion, implicit in his argument, that many of the features that have built the Internet into a weapon of mass distraction are not intrinsic to the medium, but are instead a side-effect of its cooption as a tool for capital growth. >That’s a heavy sentence. Let me attempt to...

 

Memory Machines [...]

> Rather than building devices that could enhance human memory and human knowledge for each individual, education technology has focused instead on devices that standardize the delivery of curriculum, that run students through various exercises and assessments, and that provide behavioral reinforcement....

 

Forcing consideration [...]

> Consideration and thought are not bad things - they lead to more deliberate and more intentional use of technology, and that's a good thing....

 

Work Changes Culture [...]

> As we have seen from communication campaigns around values in organisations, message can temporarily influence expectations. However, what confirms a change in expectations is when people see new behaviours being practiced consistently, rewarded and ultimately expected by others. ...

 

Learning Analytics [...]

> Once the Pandora’s Box of data availability has been opened, then individuals lose control of the data about them that have been harvested. They are unable to specify who has access to the data, and for what purpose, and may not be confident that the changes to the education system which result from learning analytics will be desirable. More generally, the lack of...

 

Marshmallow Scarcity [...]

> Time and again, poor children have performed significantly worse than their more fortunate counterparts. A 2011 study that looked at low-income children in Chicago noted how poor children struggled to delay gratification. A 2002 study, which examined the physical and psychological stresses that accompany poverty, did too. And so have many others. > > The realizatio...