Poverty of Opportunities [...]

“The impressive accomplishments … show that the negative outcomes predicted for kids who grow up in concentrated poverty like Cabrini-Green … are not inevitable,” she wrote. “They result not from a so-called ‘culture of poverty’ but from a poverty of opportunities.” (Source)

Venture Philanthropy [...]

In The Gift of Education, Kenneth Saltman traces the shift from the ‘Scientific Philanthropy’ of the Carnegie, Rockefeller and Ford Foundations to the ‘Venture Philanthropy’ (VP) of Bill Gates. While Scientific Philanthropy extended the “logic of cultural imperialism” and worked to “serve ruling class interests”, it was to some extent built on the idea that the “public sector [libraries and schools] should make freely available the means for individual access to information that would benefit the individual and contribute to the making of a more educated workforce and informed citizenry.”2In contrast, Venture Philanthropy imposes a new logic where “public and civic purposes of public schooling are re-described by VP in distinctly private ways”: become a lifelong learner, an entrepreneur. (Source)

Resilience [...]

As Julian Reid and Brad Evans write, we apply the word “resilient” to a population “insofar as it adapts to rather than resists the conditions of its suffering in the world” (2014, 81). (Source)

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Innovation and structural change [...]

The ideology of innovation, with its emphasis on processes rather than outcomes, and individual brilliance over social structures, asks us to accommodate global inequality, rather than challenge it. It is a kind of idealism, therefore, well suited to our dispiriting neoliberal moment, where the sense of possibility seems to have shrunk. (Source)