anderhaff wiki


Experimenting with Distributed Cognition Using Wikity

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Technology Doesn’t Want [...]

> The “hacker” model is better: given imagination and determination, we can bend technologies to our will. Thus we should stop thinking about “what technology wants” and start thinking about how to cultivate imagination and determination. Speaking of “what technology wants” is an unerring symptom of akrasia — a lack of self-control — and a way of de...

 

Brains aren’t computers [...]

> Because neither ‘memory banks’ nor ‘representations’ of stimuli exist in the brain, and because all that is required for us to function in the world is for the brain to change in an orderly way as a result of our experiences, there is no reason to believe that any two of us are changed the same way by the same experience. If you and I attend the same conc...

 

Stereotype Threat [...]

> It is thought that the primary mechanism behind stereotype threat is the anxiety one feels about their performance confirming a stereotype and the subsequent reduced capacity of working memory. Interestingly, the research shows that the effects of stereotype threat are only visible (even if they are still present) when the task or assessment is difficult and when...

 

Why Diversity Programs Fail [...]

> In analyzing three decades’ worth of data from more than 800 U.S. firms and interviewing hundreds of line managers and executives at length, we’ve seen that companies get better results when they ease up on the control tactics. It’s more effective to engage managers in solving the problem, increase their on-the-job contact with female and minority workers, ...

 

Why do women leave engineering? [...]

> The women in the study, Silbey and her colleagues observed, are more likely than men to say they are entering the field of engineering with the explicit idea that it will be a “socially responsible” profession that will “make a difference in people’s lives.” But group dynamics seem to affect this specific expectation in two ways: by leading women to que...

 

Self-Love [...]

> It’s more than likely that one of the reasons that the trans and queer communities continue to make such gains in culture, despite a violent backlash, is the broad recognition that self-care, mutual aid, and gentle support can be tools of resistance, too. After the Orlando massacre, LGBTQ people across the world started posting selfies under the hashtag #queer...

 

Wellness [...]

A gentle form of oppression and social goal-post-shifting. > The isolating ideology of wellness works against this sort of social change in two important ways. First, it persuades all us that if we are sick, sad, and exhausted, the problem isn’t one of economics. There is no structural imbalance, according to this view—there is only individual maladaption, requ...

 

Choral Documentation [...]

> While there are certainly plenty of unique scenarios that require a nuanced answer, in many more cases we have communities that are striving to learn more about common topics and asking similar questions. As a result various Knowledge Base Silos have arisen to meet that need. We have http://docs.reclaimhosting.com/, Emory has http://docs.emorydomains.org/, OU has ht...

 

Rewarding Creativity [...]

Using extrinsic rewards to motivate creative tasks is generally actively detrimental. >Incentives will have a detrimental effect on performance when two conditions are met: first, when a task is interesting enough for subjects that the offer of incentives is a superfluous source of motivation; second, when the solution to the task is open-ended enough that the step...

 

Extrinsic Rewards and Costly Sharing [...]

Extrinsic motivation is subject to the overjustification effect. People who receive a reward for good behavior often come to believe that they exhibited the behavior for the reward, rather than due to internal motivation. This understanding in turn undermines intrinsic motivations. This study examines the overjustification effect in the realm of prosocial sharing, and...