Testing Effect [...]

The present research shows the powerful effect of testing on learning: Repeated retrieval practice enhanced long-term retention, whereas repeated studying produced essentially no benefit. Although educators and psychologists often consider testing a neutral process that merely assesses the contents of memory, practicing retrieval during tests produces more learning than additional encoding or study once an item has been recalled (Source)

Testing and distributing practice over an extended period were the two best learning/study methods of the ten studied in Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational Psychology DOI: 10.1177/1529100612453266

Testing also enhanced the efficiency and effectiveness of subsequent study behavior, and alleviated the "overestimation of one’s future memory performance brought about by the inherent discrepancy between study and test situations." Testing facilitates the regulation of subsequent study time http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2014.03.003

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